I had a small virtual machine (Ubuntu 12, Virtual Box) being hosted on a headless server. It had an 8Gb drive which I needed to resize.It’s done now, but took more googling than it should have done. Here’s a summary.
- Stop the virtual machine
- Copy the .vmdk to the workstation
- Copy the .vmdk to a .vdi
- Resize the .vdi
- Attach the .vdi (in place of the .vmdk)
- Boot to gparted
- Create a swap partition
- Extend sda2 to fill the unallocated space
- Extend sda5 to fill the partition
- Extend the logical volume
- Resize the filing system
- Move the swap partition
- Shutdown the machine (test)
- Copy the .vdi back to the host server
- Detach the existing drive
- Attach the new drive
- Restart the virtual machine
Steps 1 to 4
As the host server is headless I wanted to do as much of the work as possible on my workstation. I originally created the vm on my machine and copied it over to the host, so only needed to copy the disk image back over. You might need to copy the whole machine (folder) over to your workstation. To stop the vm ssh on to it and sudo shutdown -h now.
Once the .vmdk is copied back to the workstation you can use the graphical VM VirtualBox Manager to copy the drive image to a .vdi. I then resized it on the command line with
VBoxManage modifyhd vm-disk1.vdi --resize 51200
Then using the manager app I detached the .vmdk and attached the .vdi drive. I also set the optical drive to my gparted iso.
Steps 5 to 9
Now start the vm. It should boot to gparted. I went to the command line and then ran startx. I found that trying to boot to X didn’t work. Start the gparted app. Start be deactivating the active drives. I then added an 8Gb swap partition (sda3) at the end of the space before resizing the extended partition (sda2). (A dedicated swap partition is not necessary. Ubuntu seems to use a file on the drive. I’m used to CentOS and I’ve always seen swap on it’s own partition. For a vm I can’t see that it makes any difference.)
I applied the changes after the extended partition had been extended. Then deactivate the drives again and extend the LVM partition (sda5) to fill the now available space. Apply changes. Then shutdown the machine and unmount the gparted iso.
Steps 10 to 15
Now reboot the vm and working it’s command line first extend the logical volume
lvextend -l +100%FREE vm-vg/root
then the filing system
If you have taken the opportunity to move the swap partition then turn off swap and mark the new partition as swap
swapoff -a mkswap /dev/sda3
At this point edit (sudo) /etc/fstab and tell it that swap is now /dev/sda3. Then turn swap back on with
Now shutdown the machine. At this point you might want to ensure that it starts okay. I suffered kernel panics a few times; not sure why, perhaps swap was misconfigured). Once you’re happy copy the .vdi drive image back over to the host server.
Steps 16 to 18
Now ssh on to the host server and detach/attach drives. (Not sure about the portcount switch; this worked but gave a slightly different configuration from the original.)
VBoxManage storagectl vm --name vm-disk1.vdmk --detach VBoxManage storagectl vm --name SATA --add sata --controller IntelAhci --portcount 30 --bootable on VBoxManage storageattach vm --storagectl SATA --medium vg-disk1a.vdi --port 1 --nonrotational on --type hdd
Finally restart the vm
VBoxManage startvm vm --type headless